As we grow older, we all start to notice some changes in our ability to remember things. Examples are going to the kitchen and not remembering “Why”, not being able to recall a familiar name during a conversation or missing an appointment because it slipped your mind. Memory lapses can occur at any age, but we tend to get more upset by them as we get older because we fear they are signs of dementia, or loss of intellectual function. The fact is, significant memory loss in older people isn't a normal part of aging—but is due to organic disorders, brain injury, or neurological illness, with Alzheimer's being among the most feared.
Most of the fleeting memory problems that we experience with age reflect normal changes in the structure and function of the brain. These changes can slow certain cognitive processes, making it a bit harder to learn new things quickly or screen out distractions that can interfere with memory and learning. Granted, these changes can be frustrating and may seem far from benign when we need to learn new skills or juggle myriad responsibilities. Here are few strategies we can use to protect and sharpen our minds.
A higher level of education is associated with better mental functioning in old age. Experts think that advanced education may help keep memory strong by getting a person into the habit of being mentally active. Challenging your brain with mental exercise is believed to activate processes that help maintain...
1. Stop delaying going to a toilet.
Keeping your urine in your bladder for too long is a bad idea. A full bladder can cause bladder damage.
The urine that stays in the bladder multiplies bacteria quickly. Once the urine refluxes back to the urether and kidneys, toxic substances can result in kidney infections, then urinary tract infections, and nephritis, plus uremia.When nature calls do it as soon as possible.
2. Stop eating too much salt.
You should eat not more than 5.8 grams of salt daily.
3. Avoid eating too much meat.
Too much protein in your diet is harmful for your kidneys.Protein digestion produces ammonia – a toxin that is very destructive to your kidneys. More meat equals more kidney damage.
4. Stop drinking too much caffeine.
Caffeine is a component of many sodas and soft drinks. It raises your blood pressure and your kidneys start suffering. You should cut down the amount of Coke, Pepsi, Red Bull, etc that you drink daily.
Our kidneys should be hydrated properly to perform their functions well.If we don’t drink enough, the toxins can start accumulating in the blood, as there isn’t enough fluid to drain them through kidneys.
***Drink more than 10 glasses of water daily. There is an easy way to check if you are drinking enough water: Look at the colour of your urine; the lighter the colour, the better.
6. Treat Health problems early
Treat all your health problems...
The nation’s diverse climate, from the tropical areas of the coast to the arid zone of the north, make it possible to produce virtually all agricultural products that can be grown in the tropical and semitropical areas of the world.
Currently, Nigeria has 75% of its land suitable for agriculture, but only 40% is cultivated (National Bureau of Statistics). Nigeria is fortunate to have an abundance of fertile soil, suitable climate and human resources that could benefit from having the agricultural sector to work in. That indicates there is much room for the country to focus on. This will address the nation’s plan for food security along with the focus on employment for all. However, to move forward, the country must develop domestic policies to increase the output of small holder farmers, integrate value addition, encourage healthy competition within the agricultural sector, increase funding and most importantly boost exportation of agricultural produce.
One component in determining how to use agriculture to improve economics in Nigeria is to evaluate the historical efforts in terms of agriculture that Nigeria has engaged in since its independence. This will ensure that the country does not repeat past mistakes.
Lastly, governments at all levels must seek to improve quality and increase quantity of agricultural produce to boost the economic diversification drive.
Mark Bevir (2013) refers to it as all of processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through the laws, norms, power or language. Invariably, Governance has to be good before it could be valued by all. People all over different walks of life prefer to talk about good governance rather than just governance, because trust is involved. Could it mean that there is a universal explanation for it, in spite of the fact that good governance is in the eye of the beholder? The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific however believed that Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources. The term always comes to the fore when ineffective institutions or economies are compared to the effective ones. The truth of the matter is that it is the responsibility of the institution / economy to cater for the good of all, and this is where trust comes in.
Talking specifically about public institutions, human beings (workers and leaders), as the most important factor of production and services are entrusted with affairs that concern the multitude. Their actions or inactions, successes or failures, performance or non-performance will definitely cascade to others below the rung of the governance ladder. Absolute...
Globally, unemployment has become a source of concern for governments and the figure keeps rising from country to country. However, given the right vision and appropriate policies towards creating job opportunities, it is possible to reduce the rate of unemployment. Although it is often claimed that rate of unemployment will increase as more school leavers join the labour market, the Osun Youth Empowerment Scheme (OYES) has been able to reduce the rate of unemployment markedly from 12% to 3% in two years from 2012 to 2014.
The success story of this scheme led to the ongoing effort of the Federal Government to replicate it across the country with support from World Bank under the Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO).
Targeted social safety net programmes have been the common tool to address poverty. Consequently the emphasis is on the strategies that rely on the community understanding of poverty and ownership of targeting mechanism. The community-based targeting (CBT) mechanism exploits the personal knowledge that community members have of each other, so that the community itself takes responsibility for identifying vulnerable individuals and households.
The CBT approach is a combination of three major actions (a) geographic targeting, (b) community sensitization, engagement and selection exercise, and (c) data collection and validation (proxy means testing) exercise and entry into the database.
• Reaching a consensus on use of Poverty Map (or other poverty measurement criteria).
• Selecting poor LGA in agreement with poverty mapping e.g. selection of the 6 poorest LGAs in Osun State.
• Reaching agreement on criteria to be used at LGA level to pick poorest communities.
• Selection of agreed number of poorest villages or communities per LGAs based on poverty ranking or agreed criteria. e.g., Selection of 30 poorest villages/communities in each of the poorest LGAs in the State of Osun.
Sensitization and mobilization of community.
After sensitization and mobilization, trained facilitators conduct community gathering in each of the selected poor villages/ communities.
At the gathering,...
In March 2016, CIP, through its jump start initiative introduced Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) to OYES which led to the formation of the OYES Farmers Brigade and OYES Motorcycle Battalion.
The participation of OYES in the cultivation of OFSP increased the popularity of that special type of potato. The potato, with vitamin A is good for early childhood cognitive development and has been included in the elementary school menu under the state’s school lunch program . Incidentally, the number of schools covered by O’Meal increased to 14.5% as at 1st of October, 2016.
The rapid development of Information Communication Technology (ICT) provides an enormous potential for the design and the use of MIS in the delivery of Social Protection programmes. Registration of potential beneficiaries can be accomplished in real time or near real time avoiding the costs of data entry and potential errors. Registered potential beneficiaries’ details can be transferred quickly through existing telecommunication systems. ICT enables a fast and accurate processing of complex programme processes, for example the computation of proxies and determination of eligibility, computation of beneficiary payrolls and production of reports. Monitoring is very efficient especially for the grievance redress mechanism given that notification and exception reports can be processed swiftly without deviations from the service standards e.g. unresolved grievances, unpaid beneficiaries. ICT also allows for fast storage of data, including easy access to historical data regarding programme beneficiaries and payrolls.
However, ICT may also produce backlogs. Too much information may be stored and processed leading to an information overload. ICT may provide inaccurate analysis if glitches are not effectively addressed, including weak controls of information systems for data capture and software programming errors or logical errors on reports, processing functions etc.
What are the requirements for technology-based MIS then? In order to be able to assess the...
Why is trust so important for good governance? How can individuals,politicians and institutions such as governments foster and develop trust in such a way as to assure good governance? The United Nations defines trust as an efficient means of lowering transaction costs in any social, economic and political relationship. Social trust, which refers to citizens’ confidence in each other as members of a social community, is inseparable from the idea of political trust. Hence, political trust transcends partisan and ideological affiliations (United Nations, 2006).
A competent state can increase political and social trust as well as economic efficiency only by implementing safety nets and social programs, which target the poorest and the unskilled. One way to promote trust through the strengthening of political legitimacy is to bring communities closer to their governments and their governments to them. Local governance means that members of local communities take responsibility and action for their future.
There is relationship between trust and good governance and political leaders can forge and keep trust by implementing the following strategies:
1. Showing genuine concern for the public good by adhering to consistency between their words and deeds.
2. Striving to represent the interests of their constituencies effectively, albeit with the reiterated objective of serving the public good.
3. Implementing political reforms that will increase...
Education is the foundation for economic empowerment and development of any nation. The State of Osun in the past five years has been working assiduously to revamp the education system in the State. Part of the process is provision of conducive learning environment by erecting new school buildings and rehabilitating old ones. President Muhammadu Buhari was in Osogbo, the Osun State capital on Thursday 1st September, 2016 as part of the 25th anniversary of the creation of the State and also to commission one of the newly built schools (Government High School, Osogbo). The event attracted dignitaries including State Governors and royal fathers to give the President a rousing welcome.
President Buhari’s visit to Osun provided opportunity for him to acquire tangible evidence of some of the achievements of Governor Rauf Aregbesola in almost six years of leading the State. The present administration has pursued its vision of a high-quality education system over the last six years and has accomplished significant improvements at each stage of its journey especially with this commissioning. It is also expected that the Government will put in place necessary measure to ensure maintenance and sustainability of the school and other edifice for education in the State.
The ongoing education reform in Osun State is a pointer that the education system can still achieve the old good values and gradually advance to the point at which it will be widely recognised as one of...